The has an area of 144,890 km2 and is mainly within the Queensland part of the Murray–Darling Basin, with a small area in NSW. It includes the headwaters of the Condamine River and the Maranoa River, as well as the floodplains of the Upper Darling Plains. The main cities and towns are Chinchilla, Dalby, Goondiwindi, Roma, St George, Toowoomba and Warwick (Figure 3).
Most of the land is used for agriculture. use varies across the subregion, but is commonly extracted for stock and domestic purposes, as well as for town water supply, agriculture and coal seam gas (CSG) production.
Wetlands in the subregion include seasonal, semi-permanent and permanent wetlands and lagoons. Some of these wetlands are nationally significant. The Culgoa River Floodplains and the Narran Lakes system are downstream of the subregion, with the northern part of the Narran Lakes system identified as an internationally recognised and protected wetland. The subregion is home to a number of water-dependent ecological communities, animals and plants which are listed as threatened under Queensland and Commonwealth legislation.
The Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine subregion is underlain by extensive sedimentary rock sequences associated with several geological basins, including large parts of the Surat Basin, the north-west part of the Clarence-Moreton Basin and the southern Bowen Basin. These sedimentary basins are endowed with nationally significant fossil fuel resources, such as coal and hydrocarbons, and include most of Australia's recognised CSG reserves. There has been a long history of coal mining and conventional petroleum extraction within the Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine subregion, with CSG production from the Surat Basin's Walloon Coal Measures becoming an important driver of coal resource development in the subregion since the late 1990s.
In the of , coal resource development in the Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine subregion can potentially affect surface water and , and the water-dependent ecosystems and that rely on these water resources. Of particular focus in this Assessment is understanding the potential for cumulative hydrological arising from the interaction of open-cut coal mining operations and CSG production in the subregion. This analysis especially applies to those coal mines likely to begin commercial operations after 2012, termed in the BAs (see Section 3.1.2 for further details about the and ).
This assessment used the Office of Groundwater Impact Assessment’s (OGIA) 2012 model that was adapted to include open-cut coal mines in both the baseline and the CRDP, compared to previous versions that only included CSG developments. OGIA’s most recent model was not available for this Assessment (). OGIA is an independent entity established to assess and manage cumulative groundwater impacts from resource activities in areas of concentrated CSG development, known as cumulative management areas (CMAs). The Surat Cumulative Management Area (CMA) includes almost the entire Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine .
The representation of hydrological changes in surficial that affect – groundwater interactions and (GDEs) is identified by the formal qualitative analysis as providing the greatest opportunity to reduce predictive uncertainty in the OGIA model. The representation of surface water – groundwater interactions in the model, where groundwater only flows from the aquifer into the watercourse, is a conservative approach to predicting groundwater as it means that from surface water cannot affect predicted groundwater drawdown. These model assumptions do not affect predicted groundwater drawdown, but mean that modelled surface water – groundwater interactions that are necessary for coupled surface water – groundwater modelling are not feasible at this time (see Section 220.127.116.11 in companion product 2.6.2 for the Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine subregion () for further details about the groundwater modelling qualitative uncertainty analysis).
Coal seam gas (CSG) production is shown by the extent of petroleum tenures, which are all in the baseline. Some of the petroleum tenures are located outside the subregion, but are included in the coal resource development pathway (CRDP) as they contain gas fields located partially within the subregion. The mines in the CRDP are the sum of those in the baseline and the additional coal resource development (ACRD). All petroleum tenures shown are part of the baseline.
APLNG Project = Australia Pacific LNG Project, LNG = Liquefied Natural Gas, QCLNG Project = Queensland Curtis LNG Project, Santos GLNG Project = Santos Gladstone LNG Project + GLNG Gas Field Development Project
Product Finalisation date
- 3.1 Overview
- 3.1.1 Maranoa-Balonne-Condamine subregion
- 3.1.2 Scope and context
- 3.1.3 Structure of this product
- 3.2 Methods
- 3.2.1 Impact and risk analysis
- 3.2.2 Causal pathways
- 3.2.3 Hydrological analysis
- 3.2.4 Assessing potential impacts for landscape classes and assets
- 3.3 Potential hydrological changes
- 3.3.1 Defining the zone of potential hydrological change
- 3.3.2 Potential groundwater changes
- 3.3.3 Potential surface water changes
- 3.3.4 Potential water quality changes
- 3.4 Impacts on and risks to landscape classes
- 3.4.1 Overview
- 3.4.2 Landscape classes that are unlikely to be impacted
- 3.4.3 'Floodplain or lowland riverine (including non-GAB GDEs)' landscape group
- 3.4.4 'GAB GDEs (riverine, springs, floodplain or non-floodplain)' landscape group
- 3.4.5 'Non-floodplain or upland riverine (including non-GAB GDEs)' landscape group
- 3.4.6 'Human-modified' landscape group
- 3.5 Impacts on and risks to water-dependent assets
- 3.6 Commentary for coal resource developments that are not modelled
- 3.7 Conclusion
- 3.7.1 Key findings
- 3.7.2 How to use this impact and risk analysis
- 3.7.3 Gaps, limitations and opportunities
- Contributors to the Technical Programme
- About this technical product