The changes in daily streamflow at each due to are estimated as the total of two : changes in direct as a result of reduction in surface area generating runoff due to the open-cut mine, and changes in . For more detailed descriptions of mine impacts on hydrology, readers are referred to companion product 2.3 on conceptual modelling of causal pathways () for the Galilee subregion, which outlines the potential modes of impact between mining operations and and . Section 126.96.36.199.4 describes how the open-cut mine footprints are obtained. Their is the streamflow detained in the mine footprint areas, simulated from the Australian Water Resources Assessment landscape model (AWRA-L) daily streamflow multiplied by the ratio of the footprint area to each node’s contribution area. This means that there will be no impact on streamflow if there is no additional coal resource development, and the reduction in streamflow will be 100% if the footprint area covers 100% of the node’s contribution area. Prediction model nodes are located in 11 tributary catchments (Figure 9) and 4 out of 7 proposed mines directly affect the flow regimes in catchment 10.
Underground mining can cause land contributing to a reduction in surface water flow. Therefore, a proportion of the underground mining area is included in the surface water disturbed area for assessing changes in flow regime. In the it is assumed that 5% of the land surface area above a collapsed underground panel is potentially susceptible to retention of surface runoff through increased ponding. This value was selected as a conservative estimate based on consultation among the broader hydrological modelling team in the , and was informed through discussions with proponents and experienced consultants. However, as the assumption is unlikely to have a major impact on predictions given the spatial and temporal scale of the regional modelling undertaken for the Galilee subregion, it was not incorporated in the quantitative analysis.
The hydrological change to baseflow is estimated using the groundwater model, which is described in detail in Section 188.8.131.52.3 of companion product 2.6.2 for the Galilee subregion (). The groundwater model estimates monthly baseflow for each of the surface water model nodes under the and . The difference between CRDP and baseline simulations is taken as the monthly hydrological change in baseflow, which is then equally partitioned to obtain the daily changes.
Product Finalisation date
- 184.108.40.206 Methods
- 220.127.116.11 Review of existing models
- 18.104.22.168 Model development
- 22.214.171.124 Calibration
- 126.96.36.199 Uncertainty
- 188.8.131.52 Prediction
- Currency of scientific results
- Contributors to the Technical Programme
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