Companion submethodology M09 (as listed in Table 1) for propagating through models () discusses in detail the propagation of uncertainty through the numerical models in the . The goal of the uncertainty analysis is to provide, for each at each , an ensemble of the predicted maximum absolute and relative change and year of this change.
To generate these ensembles, a very large number of parameter combinations of the combined and model is evaluated. For each hydrological response variable, only those parameter combinations are accepted in the posterior ensemble of parameter combinations for which the goodness of fit between observed annual hydrological response variables and their simulated equivalent meet a predefined threshold.
While the Approximate Bayesian Computation methodology outlined in companion submethodology M09 (as listed in Table 1) for propagating uncertainty through models () requires that this acceptance threshold be specified independently, preferably based on assessment of the observational uncertainty, this is generally not possible for the various surface water response variables. A pragmatic choice is made to set the acceptance threshold to the 90th of goodness of fit for the large number of model evaluations. The ensemble of predictions for each hydrological response variable is thus based on the top 10% of parameter combinations for that hydrological response variable.
The uncertainty methodology proposes the development of numerical emulators to mimic the relationship between parameter values and the response of hydrological variables to the to generate the posterior prediction ensembles. Due to the long groundwater model runtimes and the independently defined acceptance threshold, such emulators are used for the groundwater modelling to ensure a sufficiently large ensemble of predictions is obtained within the operational constraints to allow robust estimates of the 5th, 50th and 95th percentiles of the prediction ensemble.
For surface water modelling, creating emulators is not necessary as the pragmatic acceptance threshold ensures that, in the case where 10,000 model evaluations are available, 1,000 (i.e. 10%) will be accepted in the posterior ensemble of predictions. Preliminary investigation (not shown) has demonstrated that this number is large enough to estimate the 5th, 50th and 95th percentiles robustly.
Product Finalisation date
- 126.96.36.199 Methods
- 188.8.131.52 Review of existing models
- 184.108.40.206 Model development
- 220.127.116.11 Calibration
- 18.104.22.168 Uncertainty
- 22.214.171.124 Prediction
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